What is a cavity?

A cavity is a slow disintegration of the tooth enamel caused by acid formed by bacteria. If untreated it can progress into the understructure of the dentition (dentin). It can be caused by a number of factors including poor oral hygiene, poor dietary habits and insufficient amounts of fluoride. It can also be exacerbated by various health conditions, and medications.

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is a common problem that can affect people of both genders and at any age. It can be easily prevented by regulated dental visits for periodic check-ups and prophylactic cleanings as well as implementing a proper home care regimen.

Treatment & Solutions

A dental exam consists of visual exam of the mouth performed by a dentist. The entire dentition is inspected including all teeth surfaces as well as mucosa, tongue, cheeks and other surrounding soft tissues within the oral region. Depending on the patient’s age and their health history, different types of radiographic images are taken to view the mouth in detail. A treatment plan is then created specifically tailored to the unique needs of each patient, and it is often combined with nutritional counseling.

A prophylactic cleaning includes precise removal of plaque, tartar and debris from the teeth using dental instruments, floss and a prophy paste for a clean, polished look. Most young patients also receive a fluoride treatment to strengthen the enamel and sealants placed on the occlusal surface of the molars to protect the young dentition from forming cavities in the future. It is recommended that both exam and cleanings are repeated in 6-month intervals as preventive measures.

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